Dr. Garnier is Lead Independent Director of Carrier’s Board of Directors. He is also an Operating Partner at Advent International (global private equity). He served as Chairman of Idorsia Pharmaceuticals Ltd., from 2017 to 2020, Chairman of Actelion from 2011 to 2017, CEO of Pierre Fabre SA from 2008 to 2010, and as CEO and Executive Member of the Board of Directors of GlaxoSmithKline plc from 2000 to 2008. Dr. Garnier served as CEO of SmithKline Beecham plc in 2000, and as Chief Operating Officer and Executive Member of the Board of Directors from 1996 to 2000. Dr. Garnier is a director of Radius Health, Inc., and Chairman of the Board of both CARMAT and Collectis S.A., and was a director of United Technologies Corporation from 1997 to the separation in 2020. He served as Chairman of the Board of Alzheon, Inc. (non-public) from 2015 to 2018 and as a director of Renault S.A. (public) from 2009 to 2016. Dr. Garnier is on the Advisory Board of Newman’s Own Foundation and he is a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire and Officier de la Légion d’Honneur of France. Dr. Garnier holds a master’s degree and Ph.D. from Louis Pasteur University and an MBA from Stanford University.